напюыемхе й меипнйхаепмерхйюл

Address to Neurocyberneticists of All Countries with a Proposal on Joint Creation of a Thinking Machine

   Already a few decades ago the cyberneticists addressed the physiologists saying that their science had been developed enough to create a logically thinking machine. They only had to know how the human brain nerve cells interact with one another. Physiologists failed to gratify this request. After that refusal, a certain part of the cyberneticists tried to solve the problem independently, even a new branch of knowledge emerged √ neurocybernetics. However, no success was achieved, as was openly admitted later by the researchers themselves.
   When I was a student at the State University I was also interested in how the human brain performs the thinking processes. In order to understand it, in 1956 I went deep into the textbooks on psychology, logic, doctrines of Arist oteles, Hegel and, of course, the classics of Marxism-Leninism. I soon added to that physiology of the higher nervous activity developed by Ivan Pavlov, the Russian Academician. Still I could not find an answer, that would leave me satisfied. In this connection I was constrained to either 1) give up my quest, or 2) try and learn the thinking processes independently. The latter choice was, without much hesitation, transformed into a passion that engulfed my whole existence. The first steps were the hardest √ I did not have a laboratory of my own. However, the free scientific libraries in our city did just as well. During the last forty years I have never parted with books, paper and a pen. In other author's published works I started to find obscurities, incongruities and even paradoxes, and to reassess them logically. That was how my enthusiasm and passion for knowledge surmounted the barrier that stood in my way.
   The thinking processes have been, for the last two and a half thousand years, the subject of science known as logic. Physiology of the higher nervous activity emerged relatively recently. This term was introduced by I.P.Pavlov, who lived and worked from 1849 to 1936. He and his disciples studied mainly the conditioned reflex activity in highly organized animals. However, none of them bothered to have recourse to logic, therefore none could achieve success. This situation of division has been preserved till now.
   I thought that it was inadmissible. Therefore I went, immediately and persistently, for the search of their points of contact and existence of the corresponding unity. After a time I was able to establish that only the physiological processes of irradiation and concentration were capable of that. Pavlov learned about it based on the experiments performed mainly on dogs. He, however, refrained from transition to humans. I studied their distribution across the verbal terms and I saw that they formed absolutely all logic concepts, judgements and inferences, i.e. all things that filled textbooks of logic. This basis was presented by me in 1958 in a small-sized manuscript entitled "A Study of the Process of Logical Thinking in the Human Brain", which I rate as a most important discovery.
   II. It was to me the key to understanding of the other, still unexplored mysteries of the human brain functioning. While in that work I still schematically (i.e. conditionally) designated the nerve cell as a point, in the next manuscript entitled "A Study of the Human Brain Cytoarchitectonics and Its Functions" written in 1964-1968 on about 400 pages I divided the nerve cells into component parts, i.e. the cell body, the axon with its synapses, and the dendrites with their spikelets. Based on the experimental data published by the physiologists themselves, I identified their wrong conclusions, that prevented the reproduction of thinking processes on cybernetic machines. The principal fault was a wrong view on the functioning of the nerve cell.
   III. After that manuscript I had no doubts about the possibility of creation of a thinking machine. Therefore, already in 1968-1969 I wrote a supplement on about 100 pages to describe the simplest design of such a machine.
   IV. As long ago as in 1959 I wrote a work entitled "Physiology of the Feeling of Love Between Men and Women". It was a study, based on the ideas of I.P.Pavlov on conditioned reflex, of manifestations of that feeling. From 1970 through 1977 I continued this theme under the name of "The Sensuous Sphere in the Spiritual Development of Man". In that work comprised of about 300 pages I studied 1) manifestation of the feeling of love in the surrounding reality, 2) feeling of the beautiful or aesthetics in works of art, and 3) then I analyzed them for presence of thinking processes. However, this is of no relevance for neurocyberneticists. Just general information.
   V. In 1977 I started working on the monumental manuscript entitled "The Thinking Sphere of the Spiritual Development of Man". I started from criticism of the modern formal or elemental logic. I devoted about 150 pages to state that it only mentions and hardly ever studies 1) the inductive thinking, i.e. used to understand the laws of nature and of the human society, then to create the entire legislation , including by state parliaments. I had written about 200 pages to fill this lacuna, but then objective circumstances in 1984 made me stop and still prevent me from any further work. What remains is to study 2) the dialectical and 3) the deductive thinking, and to free them of all erroneous notions. This manuscript will be also valuable for neurocyberneticists, though at the stage of servicing of the created thinking machine.
    In those past years I tried, persistently but unsuccessfully, to publish the first of the said manuscripts, i.e. "A Study of the Process of Logical Thinking in the Human Brain" and then "Physiology of the Feeling of Love Between Men and Women", offering them to various scientific research institutions, but under the partocratic regime they were immediately returned without any checks.
    As regards the last two works, i.e. "A Study of the Human Brain Cytoarchitectonics and Its Functions" and the supplement thereto, I understood, already at the stage of preparation, that their mailing may result in the loss of my copyright, because I have no academic degree or title. Therefore I put them in my desk drawer and proceeded with further studies.
    At last I have the opportunity to break out of the partocratic regime detention ward and address, through the Internet, the neurocyberneticists of all countries with the idea of joint creation of a thinking machine, in the first place those who have tried or is trying to reproduce not the human intelligence as it is, but only a part thereof, i.e. the thinking processes.
    I can tell all interested persons that I have no laboratory of my own or material resources. Therefore I would expect an invitation. My preliminary intentions are as follows. The person inviting me will have to bear 1) travelling expenses, both ways with a small luggage, 2) on-site payment for a small apartment, 3) three modest meals a day, and 4) payment for a translator's services.
    I intend then to meet an organized group of neurocybernetecists, which may be composed of representatives of several countries, and 1) to submit my manuscripts, 2) to disclose the basic physiological essence of the thinking proce sses, 3) to show their logical varieties, and 4) to refer them to the necessary additional literature based on which I was able to comprehend all that, etc. The audience will, in accordance with my explanations, adjust their machines. In this case I will act as a accounting specialist who decided to ask the software specialists to automate his accounting. The presence of a stenographer will also be necessary during the joint work, in order that everything that I tell could be used without me.

 Neurocyberneticists, however, have absolutely no use for my studies of the feeling of love, analysis of works of art or disputes with the physiologists in which I criticized their data and justified my conclusions, etc. Therefore I decided to rework my manuscripts 1) "A Study of the Human Brain Cytoarchitectonics and Its Functions", 2) with the simplest design of the thinking machine, and 3) "The Thinking Sphere of the Spiritual Development of Man" into one common manuscript and to try and significantly reduce its contents to about one hundred pages, leaving only what will be directly required by the neurocyberneticists. This is what I am doing now.
    The design of the machine, as I now understand, will hardly be suitable for a robot, because it will think not at the common everyday level, but at a most abstract one, i.e. in scientific and, I am positive, political domains. Consequently, it must occupy a closed room. However, it shall preliminarily be "trained", i.e. gradually absorb the initial data, and subjected to relevant logical adjustment. Only then it can produce new coherent results.
   As soon as we have obtained the first positive success, we must immediately apply for a patent in the names of all members of the neurocybernetic team, including myself as a full member. The amount of my remuneration shall be calculated accordingly.
   Still I am afraid to lose my copyright and of being dispensed with in the course of obtaining of the patent. Therefore I intend to disclose the reworked manuscript only after signing of a preliminary agreement and its notarization. Besides, my copyright must extend not only to the material presented by me in writing, but also to that presented by me verbally.
   These are my preliminary intentions. However, I am willing to consider any other proposals from neurocyberneticists. They should, nevertheless, bear it in mind that in the event of failure the costs of my accommodation and of the experiments with the machine will be insignificant. In case of a positive result the gains will be colossal. If I really understood the essence of the thinking process, then a thinking machine created on this basis will think much faster and more consistently than the most talented persons.
   And, finally, I would like to warn you that I am 73 and my health is seriously impaired. Therefore, I need a prompt response to my address. The team of researchers who will agree to joint work with me should understand that the further developments of the thinking machine will remain at their disposal. Besides, I will transfer to them my entire archive.
   For a brief introduction to my proposal and to provide the matter for thought, I am launching into the Internet, together with this address, my first and concise manuscript entitled "A Study of the Physiological Process of Logical Thinking in the Human Brain" in the original version, that is in Russian.


My address: 159, 2-Krasnodarskaya St., Apt.59, Rostov-on-Don 344091 Russia.
My name is Yury Vasilyevich Lebedev.
Home telephone No. (863-2) 22-63-83.
My home page http://www.don.sitek.net/home/lebedev.
My E-mail lebedev@don.sitek.net.



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